Cognitive Behaviour therapy (CBT) is based on the idea that our
feelings and behaviours are related to our thoughts. - about
ourselves, other people, and about situations in our lives.
If we want to change how we feel and behave we need to change
how we think.
What’s the problem?
When we have problems we often find that sometimes our thoughts
get a bit distorted. We tend to fixate on our worries, we
exaggerate the possibilities of things going wrong, we dwell on
the negatives, and at times we even start to believe negative
thoughts and fears that another part of us knows to be
irrational and unrealistically pessimistic. But we cannot help
ourselves. These thoughts are powerful, because:
They are fuelled by our negative emotions in a downward spiral.
The more we fear, the more we believe our anxious thoughts.
The thoughts have been reinforced into powerful habits over a long period of time
They are often partly related to fundamental beliefs – attitudes and assumptions that we hold at a deep level – which we are often not fully aware of ourselves.
What can be done?
CBT cannot remove your problems, but it can help you deal with them in a more positive way. It is based on the concept that your thoughts,
feelings, physical sensations and actions are interconnected, and that negative thoughts and feelings can trap you in a vicious cycle.
CBT aims to help you crack this cycle by breaking down overwhelming problems into smaller parts and showing you how to change these negative patterns to improve the way you feel.
Unlike some other talking treatments, CBT deals with your current problems, rather than focusing on issues from your past. It looks for practical ways to improve your state of mind on a daily basis.